COC – Vision and goals
In the context of improving the functionality of modern communities, the key problem is the unstructured and shared information and information systems, or the poor development of digital public services and businesses. Digitization of public services and business accelerates and automates business processes of businessmen and public administration, reduces business costs, generates significant savings and creates greater added value in business. Digitization and raising of public service standards and digital transformation of business increase competitiveness and transparency of public administration business and Croatian businessmen, increase market openness and influence decrease of “gray economy”. An important prerequisite for these activities is the understanding of the semantics of the data available. Data, and nowadays big data (Big Data), its cataloging and publishing, is the basis for more serious development, both in the context of the digital economy or business.
Further development of digital business will enable Croatia to participate equally in the EU Single Market, which undoubtedly needs to include the measures and procedures of governmental bodies in the field of removing regulatory, non-regulatory and administrative obstacles, creating institutional capacity and promoting digital business development both in the economic sector of the Republic of Croatia and to the public sector in the form of procedures, processes and open registers of e-Administration and local self-government units (hereinafter: JLS).
Competence Center for Smart Cities in Rijeka is positioned as a leading institution in the Republic of Croatia, but also in the wider region in the field of development and application of intelligent technologies in cities with the aim of improving the quality of life and standards of citizens.
In this sense, there are two ways of increasing efficiency – the first is towards creating a favorable business environment and more efficient functioning of the public sector through the establishment of collaborative platforms, and the second is manifested through the creation of concrete R&D projects that have direct economic and financial effects on the public and private sectors. . In other words, the economy and the academic community in this way manage, coordinate and provide domain knowledge with a view to linking public and private sector entities and developing new business models, products and services that are in the common social interest.
The cluster of applied knowledge thus formed represents a completely innovative approach in the wider region.
General Purpose and Specific Goals
There are many definitions of a smart city. Although most definitions differ most in highlighting several key features, all point to the use of technology and networked infrastructure to improve economic and political efficiency and to enable social, cultural and urban development. The term infrastructure refers to business services, housing, leisure and lifestyle services and information and communication technologies (landline and mobile phones, TVs, computer networks, e-commerce, Internet services).
The concept of a smart city is actually a framework for a specific vision of modern (urban) development. The special importance of information and communication technologies has been recognized as a driver of economic competitiveness, ecological sustainability and living in general. By using information communication technology as a key element of development, smart cities will accelerate economic growth in the future, improve lifestyle, create urban development opportunities and city renewal, support environmental sustainability initiatives, improve political processes, and secure access to advanced financial services.
For example, ICT will provide smart cities with so-called smart buildings, smart infrastructures (water, energy, heating and transport), smart services (e-services on travel, health, learning and advertising) that will significantly change the urban experience for residents and travelers.
ICT solutions are now being applied in various economic sectors, such as transport, construction, communal systems, banking and the public sector, health, education and sport. Most infrastructure projects in today’s cities are derived as separate “silos” that have separate management and control that represent a cost-inefficient solution. Application of Machine-to-Machine (M2M) technologies in connecting devices in the context of the Internet of Things (IoT) to urban infrastructure as a basis for successful implementation of smart cities requires a central platform for remote monitoring, analysis and management data. The same platform facilitates the exchange of data and information between providers and service users. Communication automation provides new business opportunities and data that were not previously available.
The primary prerequisite for the development of a smart city of establishment is the platform for interconnecting all the stakeholders of innovative development, not only in the technological but also in the organizational context.
The strategic goals of the Smart Cities Competence Center are to:
- Development of new knowledge, initiation and support of long-term research collaboration between science and industry in the most complex research,
- Positioning the City of Rijeka as a test platform for checking the concept by ensuring the participation of the most technologically advanced companies in the Republic of Croatia.
- Improving and linking the existing research infrastructure, establishing a collaborative M2M platform and integrating into international projects (Obzor 2020, InterReg) where the competences of our researchers will be demonstrated and strengthening Rijeka and Croatia’s position as a development center and as an optimal location for long-term research projects.
The following general social goals are derived from the above:
- Enhance coordination between science and industry to achieve better joint collaboration on strategically important research.
- Development of smart city-building projects based on holistic paradigm with a view to increasing the quality of life and standards of citizens
- Harmonization of strategic interests between industry and science, which will enable joint work and sharing of experiences, launching a new scientific and technological cycle of development and innovation, and finally commercialization and preparation of implementation of new products and services.
- Linking national and local stakeholders through thematic synergies defined within S3 (energy and sustainable environment, transport and mobility, security and ICT) and the Industrial Strategy of the Republic of Croatia ’14 -’20 (defined through sectors C 26 Manufacture of computers and electronic and optical products, C 25 Manufacture of fabricated metal products, J 62 Computer programming, consultancy and related activities (ICT), C 27 Manufacture of electrical equipment, C 28 Manufacture of machinery and equipment. whereby the stakeholders themselves will be better prepared to perform on the external markets, with increasing international competitiveness.
- Strengthening human resources through attracting top researchers, supporting knowledge transfer to industry while creating attractive career opportunities for research staff, both in science and industry.
- Reduce gender discrimination – increase the proportion of women and girls in the R&D context, or achieve balanced participation in research.